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Pass-Through Taxation for Single and Multimember LLCs Another advantage of an LLC is the owners ability to enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation. In 1988, the IRS released Revenue Ruling 88-76 which declared that Wyoming LLCs would be taxed as partnerships even though they provide for corporate-like protection against liability. C corporations, in contrast, are subject to double taxation—once at the corporate level and again when dividends are distributed to shareholders. While the owners of corporations can achieve pass-through taxation by making an S election, S corporations are subject to many other restrictions and requirements that limit their utility in the real estate investment realm. The 1988 revenue ruling was a true game-changer because it enabled real estate investors to avoid double taxation by acquiring property through an LLC while enjoying a liability shield. Under the default tax classification rules, the IRS classifies a real estate holding company with one owner as they would a sole proprietorship, namely as a disregarded entity. As a result, income and capital gains from the LLC pass through directly to the owner, who would only have to pay taxes as an individual, while still enjoying the protections offered by the LLC liability shield. Since there is no separate LLC tax, the owner can avoid double taxation on both the rental income generated by the property and the appreciation in value of the property upon disposition. Moreover, the owner of a single-member LLC can deduct mortgage interest similar to a sole proprietor based on current IRS rules. Real estate holding companies that have several owners are known as multimember LLCs and are generally taxed by the IRS like partnerships, meaning that the LLC files an informational tax return, but does not actually pay taxes itself. Multimember LLCs also enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation as the LLC passes its profits and losses through to its members, who report their portion of the LLCs business income or losses on either a Schedule C, K or Form 1065 with their individual income tax returns. This means that both single member and multimember LLCs offer the benefits of pass-through taxation of profits and losses and limited liability and personal protection for the owners.
Whenever you are applying for a design job, a high-quality design portfolio is essential. Since it is one of the first things a potential client or employer will see, a portfolio gives an important impression about your skills and background. When done well, a great design portfolio can build trust, excite the viewer, and help you get the job. In case you want to learn how to build an impressive design portfolio, here is a great article on creativebloq. To create your own original portfolio, you can use many platforms and tools, which we have listed below: Krop is a job board and portfolio-hosting website for the creative industry. It alllows users to search jobs for designers, artists, and more. Behance is an online platform that enables creative professionals to showcase and discover creative work via online portfolios, with Wix, everyone can create their own website for free, with the help of DeviantArt, you can fully configure your very own design portfolio. Then you can start submitting your creative work for review by potential employers, art schools, or clients. Carbonmade helps you build and manage an online portfolio website. It can be used to show off design, illustration, art, or any other type of creative work.
If you do not get paid by the due date and invoices remain unpaid for more than 30 days then you have the legal right to charge interest on the money for Late Payment. Make sure you address any late payment concerns early, because they can often signal that the client is having cash flow problems, which could lead to non-payment, which is far more expensive to you than just being paid late! It is important to follow the correct late payment process if invoices have not been paid. Do not simply down tools and march off the client site demanding payment. This could result in the client claiming a breach of contract. The first step is to speak to the client, before then following up with more formal and legal action. This will involve a formal warning, Letter Before Action, debt collection agency, and finally litigation via the courts.
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