By On Sep 11, 2019 Templates
Over the last decade, limited liability companies (LLCs) have become one of the most preferred forms of business entities through which to hold title to investment real estate properties. LLCs did not come into existence in the United States until 1977 when the State of Wyoming enacted special legislation to accommodate the needs of oil companies. Prior to LLCs, real estate investors seeking limited liability protection were largely limited to using corporations to acquire title—a form of entity that has potential drawbacks. Florida followed Wyomings lead a few years later by enacting its own LLC statute in 1982 and now all 50 states have enacted legislation creating some form of the LLC business structure. The insulation from personal risk exposure for real estate investors provided by LLCs, coupled with the relative ease of administration and potential tax benefits, make ownership of investment property through an LLC a very desirable option in most instances.
Pass-Through Taxation for Single and Multimember LLCs Another advantage of an LLC is the owners ability to enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation. In 1988, the IRS released Revenue Ruling 88-76 which declared that Wyoming LLCs would be taxed as partnerships even though they provide for corporate-like protection against liability. C corporations, in contrast, are subject to double taxation—once at the corporate level and again when dividends are distributed to shareholders. While the owners of corporations can achieve pass-through taxation by making an S election, S corporations are subject to many other restrictions and requirements that limit their utility in the real estate investment realm. The 1988 revenue ruling was a true game-changer because it enabled real estate investors to avoid double taxation by acquiring property through an LLC while enjoying a liability shield. Under the default tax classification rules, the IRS classifies a real estate holding company with one owner as they would a sole proprietorship, namely as a disregarded entity. As a result, income and capital gains from the LLC pass through directly to the owner, who would only have to pay taxes as an individual, while still enjoying the protections offered by the LLC liability shield. Since there is no separate LLC tax, the owner can avoid double taxation on both the rental income generated by the property and the appreciation in value of the property upon disposition. Moreover, the owner of a single-member LLC can deduct mortgage interest similar to a sole proprietor based on current IRS rules. Real estate holding companies that have several owners are known as multimember LLCs and are generally taxed by the IRS like partnerships, meaning that the LLC files an informational tax return, but does not actually pay taxes itself. Multimember LLCs also enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation as the LLC passes its profits and losses through to its members, who report their portion of the LLCs business income or losses on either a Schedule C, K or Form 1065 with their individual income tax returns. This means that both single member and multimember LLCs offer the benefits of pass-through taxation of profits and losses and limited liability and personal protection for the owners.
Inquiry forms act as a bridge between you and your customers. No matter how much keen you are in making your product user-friendly, detailed clear cut documentation and the website content you make to explain your services, still we might miss minor details that user might need. Being website owners we know that through the forms we get a considerable amount of valuable leads. Especially startups will receive lots of inquiries from the site visitors, in that case, inquiry forms play a vital role. Here in this post, we have collected best free inquiry form templates. Speaking about the inquiry form templates they can be classified into two broad categories. One is the structured inquiry form, where the users have to choose the questions from the given set of options. The other is the general type, where the user can openly inquire about your products. The second inquiry form templates are the most predominant one if your organizations include more than one department then the first model will be useful. In this free inquiry form templates, we have added both types of inquiry forms. All these free inquiry form templates are from the inhouse Colorlib team to ensure that you get trendy and well designed templates for free. Just download the template you like and enjoy.
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