By On Oct 09, 2019 Templates
Every project manager and team member knows there are a slew of forms used throughout the life cycle of a project-that is, if the project is managed right. From the beginning scope statement to the final closing documents, forms are a big part of effective project management. They act as a method to keep everyone involved, literally, on the same page. At BrightHub, our project management writers have been working diligently to provide you, our readers, with standard form templates that you can download and customize to your own individual projects. One of our most popular articles is Eric Stallsworths How to Write a Scope Statement. Beyond giving the reader a link to a downloadable free scope statement project management form, Eric talks in detail about the importance of an effective scope statement, the sections of a scope statement and gives you some great hints for minimizing scope creep. Writer Natasha Baker continues the theme of getting a project charter with her Project Charter Example for Every Project Manager article. Like Eric, Natasha offers up a link to a related, free project management template that you can download for your own personal use. Once you have a defined scope statement and or project charter, agreed upon by project stakeholders and team members, alike, you are ready to begin building your WBS. And, while that often seems like a simple task on the surface, building a successful work breakdown structure is an art form. Ann Gordon has penned a great three-part series aptly titled, What is a Work Breakdown Structure?. Throughout this article, Ann offers of a plethora of examples and how-to tips for building your own WBS. After you have built your WBS, what do you do with it? The answer for many project managers often points to tracking your WBS using a Gantt Chart. Toward that end, we have a couple of targeted articles. In Michele McDonoughs article, How to Make a Gantt Chart in Excel, the author details the steps involved in creating a Gantt Chart using Microsoft Excel.
You use it to quickly tell a prospective employer who you are and why you are writing to them. You can include information here about things like your areas of expertise and your career goals and how they align with the company. This is also where you let them know what position you are specifically applying for as well as how you heard about it. Are all about what skills and knowledge you have that is specific to the job you are applying for and will be bringing with you should they offer you the position. Make sure you highlight your qualifications and how they fit in with the open position. Use words directly from the job description. Again, this is not the time to just repeat your resume, use this space as an opportunity to really show them how you are the employee they have been looking for all along and how you are perfect for the job they are currently hiring for. When a company posts a job opening, they are posting what they need. What skills, abilities, knowledge and experiences are they looking for? Use this paragraph to highlight how you fill that need. This is also where you can fill in any information that might not be on your resume but which will help show why you be perfect for the position. Wrap up your letter by thanking them for taking the time to read your letter and considering you for the position. Do not forget to include how they can contact you as well as your plans to follow-up with them.
Pass-Through Taxation for Single and Multimember LLCs Another advantage of an LLC is the owners ability to enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation. In 1988, the IRS released Revenue Ruling 88-76 which declared that Wyoming LLCs would be taxed as partnerships even though they provide for corporate-like protection against liability. C corporations, in contrast, are subject to double taxation—once at the corporate level and again when dividends are distributed to shareholders. While the owners of corporations can achieve pass-through taxation by making an S election, S corporations are subject to many other restrictions and requirements that limit their utility in the real estate investment realm. The 1988 revenue ruling was a true game-changer because it enabled real estate investors to avoid double taxation by acquiring property through an LLC while enjoying a liability shield. Under the default tax classification rules, the IRS classifies a real estate holding company with one owner as they would a sole proprietorship, namely as a disregarded entity. As a result, income and capital gains from the LLC pass through directly to the owner, who would only have to pay taxes as an individual, while still enjoying the protections offered by the LLC liability shield. Since there is no separate LLC tax, the owner can avoid double taxation on both the rental income generated by the property and the appreciation in value of the property upon disposition. Moreover, the owner of a single-member LLC can deduct mortgage interest similar to a sole proprietor based on current IRS rules. Real estate holding companies that have several owners are known as multimember LLCs and are generally taxed by the IRS like partnerships, meaning that the LLC files an informational tax return, but does not actually pay taxes itself. Multimember LLCs also enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation as the LLC passes its profits and losses through to its members, who report their portion of the LLCs business income or losses on either a Schedule C, K or Form 1065 with their individual income tax returns. This means that both single member and multimember LLCs offer the benefits of pass-through taxation of profits and losses and limited liability and personal protection for the owners.
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