By On Nov 07, 2019 Templates
First and foremost, LLCs limit personal vulnerability to potential lawsuits related to the property. Consider the situation in which the owner of an investment property leases it to a tenant who decides to throw a big party, during which one of the tenants guests falls over a balcony. In todays legal climate, it is quite possible that the injured guest would pursue a claim based on the unsafe condition of the rental dwelling. More often than not, the owner would be named in any lawsuit resulting from the incident. If that rental property were owned by a real estate investor individually, he or she would be named in the lawsuit and would have to defend his or her personal assets from the plaintiffs claims. In contrast, if that property were owned by an LLC, the owners risk exposure would be insulated by the protection of the company, leaving only the assets owned by the LLC (as opposed to all of the owners personal assets) exposed to potential lawsuits.
Pass-Through Taxation for Single and Multimember LLCs Another advantage of an LLC is the owners ability to enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation. In 1988, the IRS released Revenue Ruling 88-76 which declared that Wyoming LLCs would be taxed as partnerships even though they provide for corporate-like protection against liability. C corporations, in contrast, are subject to double taxation—once at the corporate level and again when dividends are distributed to shareholders. While the owners of corporations can achieve pass-through taxation by making an S election, S corporations are subject to many other restrictions and requirements that limit their utility in the real estate investment realm. The 1988 revenue ruling was a true game-changer because it enabled real estate investors to avoid double taxation by acquiring property through an LLC while enjoying a liability shield. Under the default tax classification rules, the IRS classifies a real estate holding company with one owner as they would a sole proprietorship, namely as a disregarded entity. As a result, income and capital gains from the LLC pass through directly to the owner, who would only have to pay taxes as an individual, while still enjoying the protections offered by the LLC liability shield. Since there is no separate LLC tax, the owner can avoid double taxation on both the rental income generated by the property and the appreciation in value of the property upon disposition. Moreover, the owner of a single-member LLC can deduct mortgage interest similar to a sole proprietor based on current IRS rules. Real estate holding companies that have several owners are known as multimember LLCs and are generally taxed by the IRS like partnerships, meaning that the LLC files an informational tax return, but does not actually pay taxes itself. Multimember LLCs also enjoy the benefits of pass-through taxation as the LLC passes its profits and losses through to its members, who report their portion of the LLCs business income or losses on either a Schedule C, K or Form 1065 with their individual income tax returns. This means that both single member and multimember LLCs offer the benefits of pass-through taxation of profits and losses and limited liability and personal protection for the owners.
If you are using a limited company as your payment structure you will need to send invoices to your clients for the services you have provided, normally on a monthly basis, and sometimes weekly. This guide explains exactly how to prepare an invoice with an example, together with links to our free and fully editable invoice templates in both Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel format. Once you have then sent the invoice you will then have to wait normally up to 30 days to get paid. And if you do not get paid then you will need to chase payment. If the client or agency refuses to pay then you have to follow the correct late invoice payment process to collect your debts and the money owed to you.
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